ABEL-MEHOLAH


ABEL-MEHOLAH
ABEL-MEHOLAH (Heb. אָבֵל מְחוֹלָה), ancient city in the Jordan Valley that was the birthplace of the prophet elisha (I Kings 19:16). Abel-Meholah also appears in the Bible as a place through which the Midianites passed in their flight from gideon (Judg. 7:22) and as part of Solomon's fifth administrative district, which comprised the towns of the Jezreel and Beth-Shean valleys (I Kings 4:12). Eusebius identified the place in the Onomasticon with Bethmaela, 10 (Roman) mi. south of Beth-Shean. Accordingly, it is generally accepted that Abel-Meholah lay west of the Jordan at the southern end of the Beth-Shean Valley, apparently in the neighborhood of ʿAyn al-Ḥilwa near the point where the Wadi al-Māliḥ enters the Jordan, perhaps Tell Abu Sifri or Tell Abu Sus. Glueck suggested locating it in Transjordan and to identify it with Tell al-Maqlūb, but this has not been generally accepted. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: N. Glueck, River Jordan (1946), 168 ff.; idem, in: BASOR, 90 (1943), 9 ff.; 91 (1943), 8, 15; idem, in: AASOR, 25–28 (1951), 211 ff.; M. Naor, in: BJPES, 13 (1947), 89 ff.; A. Alt, in: PJB, 24 (1928), 45, 99; 28 (1932), 39 ff.; Abel, Geog, 2 (1938), 234; EM, S.V.; Aharoni, Land, 241, 278; Zobel, in: ZDPV, 82 (1966), 83–108; N. Zori, in: BIES, 31 (1967), 132–5. (Michael Avi-Yonah) ABEL SHITTIM or SHITTIM ABEL SHITTIM or SHITTIM (Heb. אָבֵל הַשִּׁטִּים), a town in the plains of Moab where the Israelites camped before crossing the Jordan (Num. 33:49; Josh. 2:1, 3:1). Several noteworthy events are connected with the place and its surroundings. Here Balaam attempted to curse the tribes (Num. 22–24; Micah 6:5) and the Israelites sinned with the daughters of Moab and were punished by a plague (Num. 25). Abel-Shittim is also mentioned in later sources. Zeno (259 B.C.E.) purchased wheat there for his Egyptian master. It was a flourishing town during the period of the Second Temple, renowned for its fertile date groves and grain fields. Josephus mentions a town Abila 60 ris (about 7 mi.) from the Jordan (Jos., Ant., 4:1; 5:1). The early city has been identified by Glueck with Tell al-Hammām at the outlet of Wadi al-Kafrayn which runs from the Mountains of Moab to the Jordan Valley. Chalcolithic and Early Bronze Age I pottery and an abundance of potsherds from the Iron Ages I and II have been found on the tell. In the Hellenistic period, the inhabitants moved to a spot in the Jordan Valley to which they transferred the name of their previous settlement, today Khirbat al-Kafrayn. Captured by the Romans, Abel-Shittim escaped destruction during the Jewish War (66–70) and it was populated at least until the end of the Byzantine period. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: Horowitz, Ereẓ Yis, S.V.; Press, Ereẓ, 1 (1951), 3; N. Glueck, River Jordan (1946), passim; idem, in: BASOR, 91 (1943), 13–18; idem, in: AASOR, 25–28 (1951), 371 ff.; Abel, Geog, 2 (1938), 234. ADD. BIBLIOGRAPHY: K. Prag, in: Levant 23 (1991), 55–66. (Michael Avi-Yonah)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Abel-meholah — (trans. meadow of dancing , or the dancing meadow ) was the birthplace and residence of the prophet Elisha. It is located near where the Wady el Maleh merges into the Jordan River, south of Bethshean. Here Elisha was found at his plough by Elijah …   Wikipedia

  • Abel-meholah — /ay beuhl mi hoh leuh/, n. a city in ancient Palestine, east of the Jordan River: the home of Elisha. Judges 7:22; I Kings 4:12; 19:16. * * * …   Universalium

  • Abel-meholah —    Meadow of dancing, or the dancing meadow, the birth place and residence of the prophet Elisha, not far from Beth shean (1 Kings 4:12), in the tribe of Issachar, near where the Wady el Maleh emerges into the valley of the Jordan, the rich… …   Easton's Bible Dictionary

  • Abel-meholah — /ay beuhl mi hoh leuh/, n. a city in ancient Palestine, east of the Jordan River: the home of Elisha. Judges 7:22; I Kings 4:12; 19:16 …   Useful english dictionary

  • ABEL-MAUL — (Gr. ʾΑβελμαωυλ), a city cited in the apocalyptic work the Greek Testament of Levi 2:3, 5 as the place where Levi received a vision of the seven heavens. The name is the Greek form of the Hebrew Abel Meholah, mentioned in Judges 7:22 and in I… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Elisha — Infobox Saint name=Saint Eliseus birth date= death date= feast day=June 14 venerated in=Roman Catholic Church Eastern Catholic Churches Eastern Orthodox Church Lutheranism imagesize= caption=Russian icon of St. Eliseus, 18th century (Iconostasis… …   Wikipedia

  • ELISHA — (Heb. אֱלִישָׁע; God is salvation ), Israelite prophetic wonder worker of the ninth century B.C.E. in the days of jehoram son of ahab , jehu , jehoahaz , and joash . According to I Kings 19:16, God commanded elijah on Mount Horeb to anoint Elisha …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • List of Biblical names — This is a list of names from the Bible, mainly taken from the 19th century public domain resource: : Hitchcock s New and Complete Analysis of the Holy Bible by Roswell D. Hitchcock, New York: A. J. Johnson, 1874, c1869.Each name is given with its …   Wikipedia

  • BARZILLAI — (Heb. בַּרְזִלַּי), name of two biblical persons. (1) Barzillai the Gileadite (Heb. הַגִּלְעָדִי), a wealthy man of Rogelim. When David and his men fled to Mahanaim in Gilead because of absalom s rebellion, he, like two other prominent… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Shaphat — of Abel meholah: a character in the Bible, father of Elisha and son of Adlai.And Jehu the son of Nimshi shalt thou anoint to be king over Israel: and Elisha the son of Shaphat of Abelmeholah shalt thou anoint to be prophet in thy room.And it… …   Wikipedia


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